Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC

Type of persecution

Case #26250

The asylum office did not grant the asylum application of a woman from the Ivory Coast. The applicant was accused by her mother-in-law of being a witch and causing her husband's death. The applicant got into a dispute with her mother-in-law over who would inherit the deceased husband's home, after which the applicant was beaten by intruders. One of the applicant's daughters was taken by the applicant's in-laws and died after undergoing FGC. The applicant fears her surviving daughter, who remains in the Ivory Coast, will be subjected to FGC. The asylum office decision noted inconsistencies in the applicant's testimony, and also noted that the government arrested the applicant's in-laws and she decided not to press charges against them.

Ivory Coast Domestic violence (including child, partner, in-law violence), Domestic violence - In-law abuse, Female Genital Cutting (FGC) / other mutilation, Female Genital Cutting - Fears FGC to a child, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC

Case #25243

Ethiopia Female Genital Cutting (FGC) / other mutilation, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC, Political association/activist (including women’s rights activist)/whistleblower, Political association/activist, Race/ethnicity/clan

Case #16557

The immigration judge granted asylum to a Bambara woman from Mali who was subjected to female genital cutting (FGC) as a child and fears FGC to her U.S. citizen daughters. According to the applicant's attorney, the particular social group addressed in this case was Bambara women. The applicant applied for asylum almost ten years after entering the United States.

Mali Female Genital Cutting - Fears FGC to a child, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC

Case #12757

Mali Female Genital Cutting (FGC) / other mutilation, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC

Case #11909

The Asylum Office granted asylum to a woman from Ivory Coast who was subjected to sexual abuse and female genital cutting as a child. The applicant's proferred PSGs were "women from the Ivory Coast who have suffered female genital cutting" and "women from the Ivory Coast who lack effective parental protection from male neighbors."

Ivory Coast Domestic violence - Child abuse, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC, Rape or sexual violence (non-domestic and non-gang))

Case #6630

A San Francisco Asylum Office granted asylum to a Fula woman from Gambia who was subjected to FGC twice, once when she was 15 and later when she entered into an arranged marriage. She opposed FGC for her daughters but her older daughter was forced to undergo it by her in-laws. She fled to the United States to protect her younger daughter.

Gambia Female Genital Cutting - Fears FGC to a child, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC, Child/forced marriage

Case #6588

The Chicago Asylum Office granted asylum to a Fulani woman from Gambia who was subjected to FGC as a child and was afraid she would be forced to have another one. Her tribe performs FGC in two stages - first on young girls and then again at the time of marriage.

Gambia Female Genital Cutting - Fears FGC to a child, Female Genital Cutting - Fears Future FGC to self, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC

Case #6323

An Asylum Office granted asylum to a Kenyan woman from the Masai tribe who was forced to undergo FGC when she got married. When her daughter turned 12 years old, she refused to let her daughter be cut and be married to Masai elder. Due to client's refusal, she and her husband were threatened, assaulted, and beaten. 

Kenya Female Genital Cutting - Fears FGC to a child, Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC, Child/forced marriage

Case #6158

The Arlington Asylum Office granted asylum to an Ethiopian woman who was subjected to FGC as an infant and who was a member of an opposition party (the CUD) in her country. A government intelligence officer who learned about involvement with the opposition party tried to rape her. Following the attempted rape, he repeatedly harassed and stalked her and asked her to marry him, but she refused. He then reported her CUD activities and she was arrested. She was detained and beaten for about two weeks. She was released after her relatives bribed a guard and she fled to the United States, where she continues to support the CUD.

Ethiopia Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC, Political association/activist (including women’s rights activist)/whistleblower, Rape or sexual violence (non-domestic and non-gang))

Case #6134

The San Francisco Asylum Office granted asylum in 2010 to a Kenyan Kikuyu woman who was subjected to FGC and was gang raped by Mungiki for speaking out against FGC. She did not file within one year of arrival, but the AO waived the bar because she was suffering from PTSD. 

Kenya Female Genital Cutting - Past FGC, Rape or sexual violence (non-domestic and non-gang)), Women's rights activist/feminist beliefs (non-domestic/familial and non-gang)

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